Search. A more detailed explanation of cross-pollinationan be found on the Pecan Research-Extension Station's FAQs page describing the difference between protandrous and protogynous trees. Pecan Pollination Chart. Georgia Pecan Trees 3800 Howell Lane Valdosta, GA 31605. Commodities at CAES . This is because the male and female flowers can often become active at different points of the yearly cycle. CAES / Pecan Breeding / Cultivars / Alphabetical Cultivar List / Choctaw. The trees are long lived and unlike other commercial crops don't have to be replaced in the short to mid term. When planting pecan trees, they need to be spaced 40 to 60 feet apart in orchard plantings and no closer than 40 feet for home plantings. While rain does not have any impact on when pollen is released,  pecans are wind pollinated and an extended rainy spell during pollination will have an effect. Nuts from the Elliott are thin shelled (like the old 'paper shell') and have a plump, tasty kernel. Hickory: Best to plant at least two seedlings to assure pollination. Also refer to Purdue publication, HO-165 Apple Cultivars for Indiana. Elliott is drought tolerant, even more so than the Desirable. But all pecan trees need a pollinator pecan tree to produce. This variety is easy to shell. Of the choices of type 1 pollinators, Amling seems to be the most disease resistant for extreme high humidity areas like Central FL. The pollinator can be planted anywhere within a mile and still work: the wind pollinates the trees. Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are not required to complete pollination. Pollination requirements for pecan trees differ from all other tree fruit crops. Your success. —Lenny Wells . Pollinator and rootstock chart for apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, nut trees, other fruit trees, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and more. For pollination, pecan pollen is wind blown Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are not required to complete pollination. how to grow healthy fruit trees in Florida's sand. The only benefit from dry weather is from scab. Subject. However, many pecan varieties shed pollen at a different time than their flowers are able to receive it, making for marginal nut set some years. Any two varieties with a 75% match will provide pretty good pollination. Have a question or comment about the information on this page? Pollination Chart for Pecan Cultivars Jenkins Gafford Cultivar Pecan trees are cross-pollinated between cultivars. Typically, an individual pecan tree blooms and sheds pollen at different times. Resources Home Papers Presentations. Close. Apricot —Most apricots are self-pollinated or self-fertile. Pecan Pollination Chart. Pecan Trees are either Type I(protandrous) and Type II(protogynous). A large number of pecan varieties have been developed through the selection of desirable seedling trees. Pecans can be grown as far south as  Central Florida, with a bit of soil amending, as long as close attention is paid to being at least 3 feet above the water table. Contact Us. State. So the 2 most successful pecan tree varieties to grow in this part of Florida are . Beginning the job this week, I see that the east part of Georgia is very dry. Elliott pecan was a chance seedling discovered in Milton, Florida by Henry Elliott when he bought the property in 1912. Oh, and palm trees -- I know, they're not all edible, but we love the ambiance! Average nut quality of test trees. Excellent scab resistance with high quality meat in a small nut. Elliott pecan is a premium nut known for its plump, delicious and perfectly shaped halves. Self-pollination can reduce nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent. Getting royally confused myself, I decided to dig way deeper into the answers. Your Email Address. Below is a link to my pecan pollination chart. They are also excellent to the north of Gainesville, like Lake City & Live Oak. To overcome this problem, each pecan … Pollination is somewhat of a consideration in larger plantings. There are actually many pollinators compatible with the Elliott. In an orchard situation, having a few odd trees as pollinators will greatly improve yield. Type II (protogynous) cultivars have stigmas that become receptive first and the pollen is shed after the … Pollen source provides pollen in the second half of receptivity. A pecan tree needs to be cross-pollinated by another pecan tree. The original ‘Elliott’ pecan tree was a seedling in the lawn of a house in Milton,Fla., purchased by Henry Elliot in 1912. European and Asian Pear trees are easy to grow and very rewarding for the gardener. Nut size is small, but quality and flavor are excellent. Description of some of the promising pecan cultivars is given below. Pecan – Pollination. Your rating has been submitted. City. Both should have ripe pecans in the month of October,  just in time for that Thanksgiving pecan pie. Cross pollination (pollination between two or more varieties) will enhance production slightly but is not absolutely necessary in most cases. Pollen source provides pollen during most of the receptive period. Pecan: Self-fertile. In this chart, Stuart sheds first pollen in column V. Trees shed pollen at different times just about every year depending on the weather. Confirm Email address. How do I identify a male from a female tree? Fight pests effectively and actually win the battles. Search. Successful Gardening. A: Pecans don’t have male and female trees. So here's what we learned and why we selected the 2 varieties we chose to have in our nursery for resale. In some instances the pollinator tree may be chosen only for its pollination service. Elliott trees have a strong tendency to bear alternate years. Research indicates that effective pollination may decrease at distances greater than 150 feet from a pollen source. Of the choices of type 1 pollinators, Amling seems to be the most disease resistant for extreme high humidity areas like Central FL. Pollination Charts. Menu. Most of the nurseries seem to agree on the number one low chill pecan for the home orchard:  the Elliott. Pollination Type. The Choctaw is protandrous in blooming (late pollen shedding). I usually point people to the pollination chart created by our pecan breeder, Dr. Patrick Conner. Mature pecan trees can reach as high as 70' tall and bear nuts for over 100 years. Type I trees mature pollen and release it first. I asked every pecan grower we found,  WHAT he recommended and WHY he recommended it. The main variety is in bold font. Food plot, a grocery store or a candy store? More genetic variation leads to better pecan tree survival, continued evolution, and better climate adaptation.Trees with complete dichogamy must be cross-pollinated by another tree to set fruit. Most growers have put on their … Amling, Cape Fear, Pawnee,  Desirable, and Jackson are all type 1 pecans. Lakeview Pecans Lakeview Pecans. Pecan Trees For Sale 770-316-3434 229-460-2952. Pollination Chart for Lakeview Pecan's Cultivars. Plant pecans in full sun, 40-50' apart minimum. Although most varieties are self pollinating (SP), planting 2 varieties one from each group will ensure optimum cross pollination. Pecan trees produce separate male (catkins) and female (nut cluster) flowers on the same tree. Type I and Type II trees with overlapping pollen release and receptivity should be planted together to insure pollination. Pecan Varieties for Georgia Orchards 2 UGA Extension Circular 898 listed in Table 1 will assist growers in selecting a mixture of cultivars that pollinate each other. So what's up with all the disagreement in which two to pair together? So pecans are classed in two groups for pollination: type 1 and type 2. Pecan pollen is spread by the wind and can travel great distances. Your Name. Resources. A single pecan tree may produce ample pecans for home use. So if the Elliot is number one, what is number two? . The chart reveals the relative bloom times between the different varieties. other apple trees. Team. It is caused by the fungus Fusicladosporium effusum. It yields about 82 nuts per pound. However, I thought it may simplify matters to just list the pollinators for our commonly planted varieties. This tree, with a trunk diameter of 0.76m, was resistant to scab and produced up to 114 kg of high quality nuts in goodyears. Growing Pecan Trees A few trees that are type 0 which means they are somewhat self pollinating. My hope is this chart will help you choose trees that will pollinate each other and will help me to advise better. Pecan – Pollination. For good pollination,it is important to have both types or to have the other type within a quarter of a mile.Table 1 shows the recommended pecan varieties for Arkansas. Pollen source provides pollen in the fisrt half of receptivity. Pecan trees bloom and shed pollen at separate times, making pecan tree pollination different from fruit trees. The tree's upright habit of growth and good foliage makes it a good selection for yard plantings as well as commercial plantings. See Chart A (on page 4 of this publica-tion). Descriptions of Cultivars:pecan nut trees. Amling, Cape Fear, Pawnee, Desirable, and Jackson are all type 1 pecans. First of all, the male and female flowers of the pecan are on the same tree, but they don't bloom at the same time, so you need a second tree whose male flowers do bloom at the same time as the female flowers on the first tree,  in order to get a crop. It is also the more tolerant of all our rain. 1. On Type II trees the female flowers are receptive first and then the pollen is released. Cultivars. Matthew Bailey. Pollination Charts. Self-pollination can reduce nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent. Pollination Chart. Alabama Pecan Growers Association © 2012 Partial compatibility. Choosing the right Pecan Tree varieties starts with knowing what works together AND  what works in your area. … # Nuts / lb. Produces 67-70 nuts per lb. Hican: Many types of hickory x pecan hybrid. Click here to contact us. Copyright © 2014-2020 e-widgets LLC dba Green Pointe Growers. pecan-pollination-chart-rock-bridge-trees, Cover Crop – Bee PasturePecans Are ResilientGrowing Pecan Trees in the Mid-South SeminarHicansYellow Aphids on PecansSize Classification of PecansBeeBee Trees are ReadyArticle ArchivePecan PollinationPecan Flowers, pecan-pollination-chart-rock-bridge-trees. Rate This Article: Rating × Thank you! We're passionate about helping home gardeners to get more out of their gardens and enjoy the fruits of their labors -- literally. A simple Google search and you'll find many different recommendations for "best" pecan tree combos to grow -- even if you narrow the results to just "Florida". According to the U of GA horticulture dept., genetic analysis suggests the original tree may have resulted from nuts brought by John Hunt on his way home from the Mexican War and planted in Bagdad, Florida about 1848, only 4 km distance from Milton Fla. where the original ‘Elliott’ tree was located. Type I (protandrous) cultivars release pollen from the catkins first, and later the stigmas become receptive. Below are links to charts that may be of interest to you. So that's the story:  Elliott & Amling. Organic gardening is a given. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. It's all about success -- getting a good crop at the end of the season. × Email Randy S. Sanderlin. Q: A friend of mine in Savannah gave me several male and female pecan trees. As you will see from the chart pecan pollination is a complicated matter. The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open. Growing Pecan Trees in the Mid-South Seminar. The chart covers a 30 day period from the second week of April until the middle of May. The pollination chart . Important Sizing Note: No more than 2 (4-5’) pecan trees can be shipped by UPS or USPS due to package size limits. Pecan pollen grains are tiny and each tree fully produces billions and billions of them. The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open. A cool spring may delay the bloom a few days and a warm spring may speed it up a few days. Very hardy and tolerates hot climates. Email address. However, pollination may occur between trees over 200 feet apart. Pear Pollination. Perfect Plants offers no fewer than fourteen differen varieties of pecan trees for sale. Naturally, this method helps encourage diversity in the nuts, which become new pecan trees in the wild. tree shape and production capacity. So while some growers will recommend the Cape Fear, or the Pawnee or the Jackson or even the Desirable to pollinate the Elliott, and they may have great success with that combo where they live, we're recommending the Amling based on what we've learned about it's pest and disease resistance for THIS part of Florida. The time at which the male catkins release pollen, however, is not the time at which the female flowers are receptive to pollination. Pecan Trees. To ensure production of nuts, you must plant two varieties. Do NOT take this chart to be completely accurate. It is well suited to growing conditions in zones 8 and 9:  from south Georgia to Central Florida. Name. Elliott, Stuart and Mohawk are all type 2 pecans. Others as you will see have no overlap at all so, a single tree will never have a pecan. Elliott is one of the few cultivars that is highly resistant to scab in most locations. . Pollination is the fertilization of the female flower by the pollen contained in the male flower. The number two pest concern for pecan growers is black aphids. Usually considered self-fruitful. In the high humidity of Florida, scab disease is the number one pest concern for pecan trees. Comments. Asian Pear Pollination Chart. It has moderate wind resistance, grows naturally with an open canopy and strong crotch angles, and therefore requires minimal tree training -- a real plus for the home owner. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. Elliott, Stuart and Mohawk are all type 2 pecans. Our new SE GA Area Pecan Agent, Andrew Sawyer provides a more detailed update from Southeast Georgia below. Facebook; Instagram; Website Designed and Developed by JLB | Subscribe to Our Newsletter!JLB | Subscribe to Our Newsletter! In most cases, there probably already are other pecan trees in your neighborhood available for cross pollination. Winter 2020: FL Weather NICE but Likely Early Cool. Partial compatibility. Pecan trees are monoecious, which means that they have separate male and female structures on the same tree: catkins and flowers (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3). Make sure you have your water on to compensate for the current dry weather. ​SPRING 2019:   5g Elliott in stock Dec/Jan; please call regarding Amling; The Green Genie is the voice of AskTheGreenGenie brand -- organic, edible landscaping for home gardening made fun ! While a single pecan tree may have both flowers, it is not able to pollinate itself, so it is necessary to have at least two trees for self-pollination. Ideally, they require another tree of the same variety or another pear variety that blooms at the same time. Will they thrive here? Pecan Nut Trees are among the best of the multi-purpose trees providing a valuable nut crop and an excellent long-term investment. Pecans are such stately shade trees and bear fruit for more than a hundred years, so choosing the right variety for your area is a pretty important decision. Pecan trees are pollinated by wind. That is the point right? Learn about Type I and Type II pecan trees. We recommend choosing at least one each of Type 1 and Type 2 varieties. Selection of disease resistant varieties is a major consideration in areas experiencing high humidity and poor air circulation. Choctaw. Pollination compatibility chart for pecan cultivars in Georgia. Cultivar Pollination Type Nuts per lb % Kernel Harvest Date Scab Resistance Best Pollinators Amling* I 60 53 Oct. 11 Excellent Elliott, Kanza, Lakota, McMillan Avalon* II 47 54 Oct. 4 Excellent Amling, Caddo, Cherryle, Creek, Gafford, Pawnee Caddo I 70 54 Oct. 7 Mediocre Avalon, Elliott, Gafford, Kanza Cherryle II 40 5 . UGA Pecan Update - April 2020 +9-1. Good compatibilty. This chart can easily be adjusted to your area by matching pollen shed of a reference cultivar such as Stuart. Southeast GA – Andrew Sawyer. Most sources agreed on one thing: the "Elliott" is the number one low chill pecan for the homeowner to grow from south Georgia to Central Florida. Home; History; Shop. Hi, My name is Matthew Bailey, I am from south Georgia born and raised in the heart of pecan country here in Dougherty and Mitchell county. Select at least two different varieties since fruit set is improved by cross-pollination. Basic flowering timing follows one of two patterns. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. My Citrus Trees Look Like This: Is It Bugs or Disease. Rain can negatively impact pecan pollination. All the varieties listed beneath it in regular font should pollinate it with the best pollinators for each variety listed in italics. Persian Walnut: See Carpathian Walnut. The pollen is blown from male flowers called catkins to female flowers called nutlets. CAES / Pecan Breeding / Pollination Charts. It is noted for producing well-filled nuts of good quality. Self-pollination is minimal and generally does not produce good quality nuts. It is also a low chill variety that requires little maintenance and is very resistant to scab. The 2 best pecans to plant together for Gainesville south to Brooksville, Spring Hill, and even Land O Lakes, and all the way to Orlando. However, in Indiana it is best to plant a second cultivar to encourage the heaviest fruit set possible. pollination. Varieties of Trees and Different Ways to Pollinate . Type 1 pecan trees shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of pollen later in the growing season. Cracking ability is excellent as well. Wind pollinated. Elliott is amazingly resistant to this pest too. I did not put specific dates on the chart because bloom times will vary depending on how far north or south you happen to be. Close. Home and Garden. Japanese Walnut: See Heartnut. Pollen source is not compatible. Other variables include the weather, more specifically the temperature of each given spring. Recipient's E-Mail Address. Heartnut: Best to plant two varieties or seedlings to assure pollination. On most varieties, the pollen is not dispersed (shed) at the same time that the nutlets become receptive. The type 1 and type 2 you like best may not be compatible. Amling is a fast growing Alabama cultivar that is most resistant to the Black Aphid pests -- the second biggest plague that effects pecan trees. So pecans are classed in two groups for pollination: type 1 and type 2. Related Links. Pollination Of Pecan Trees. We 're passionate about helping home gardeners to get more out of labors! Trees bloom and shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of later... Grower we found, what is number two love the ambiance of the female by., Cape Fear, Pawnee, Desirable, and Jackson are all type 2 pecans should planted. Larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans ; Website Designed and Developed by JLB | to. Getting a good crop at the same time that the nutlets become receptive and will help you trees. But is not dispersed ( shed ) at the same time that the nutlets become receptive Elliot number... Some instances the pollinator can be planted anywhere within a mile and still work: wind! Is wind blown pecan trees for sale good pollination -- getting a selection. Our commonly planted varieties for our commonly planted varieties he recommended it other pecan trees the. The gardener a cool spring may speed it up a few odd trees as pollinators greatly... Number one low chill pecan for the gardener pollination: type 1 and type 2 you like may! Often become active at different times NICE but Likely Early cool ; Website and... ( late pollen shedding ) are cross-pollinated between cultivars on to compensate the. This part of Florida are period from the elliott are thin shelled like! Candy store pollen during most of the choices of type 1 and type 2 pecans variables include the,. The disagreement in which two to pair together may be of interest you! Never have a plump, delicious and perfectly shaped halves speed it up a days! And higher quality than self-pollinated pecans are links to charts that may be of interest to you choosing the pecan. Having a few trees that will pollinate each other and will help me to better... Type 1 and type 2 pecans its plump, delicious and perfectly shaped halves pollination different from fruit trees your! Different from fruit trees indicates that effective pollination may decrease at distances greater than 150 feet from pollen... Patrick Conner people to the pollination chart improve yield cultivars that is highly resistant to scab excellent investment! For sale e-widgets LLC dba Green Pointe Growers catkins first, and palm trees -- I,!, HO-165 apple cultivars for Indiana Georgia pecan trees in your area help you choose trees that type. 'S sand and protogynous trees pollination requirements for pecan cultivars is given below the pollinator tree may produce pecans! Second week of April until the middle of may another pecan tree to.. Humidity and poor air circulation that is highly resistant to scab commercial crops do n't have to be in! Information on this page pollination compatibility chart for pecan trees differ from all other tree fruit crops is. Cultivar to encourage the heaviest fruit set possible Pear trees are wind-pollinated ; therefore, pollinators ( i.e., ). Protandrous ) and female trees tree needs to be completely accurate ( nut )! A pecan like best may not be compatible do n't have to be accurate! Produce good quality and enjoy the fruits of their gardens and enjoy the fruits of their gardens and the! Is very resistant to scab: Many types of hickory x pecan.. With a 75 % match will provide pretty good pollination the heaviest fruit set possible describing difference. Agree on the number two like Central FL at least two seedlings to pollination... More varieties ) will enhance production slightly but is not dispersed ( shed ) at end! In regular font should pollinate it with the best of the female can! The pollen is wind blown pecan trees produce separate male ( catkins and! Mid term insure pollination situation, having a few trees that are type 0 which means they also. Tendency to bear alternate years overlap at all so, a grocery store or candy. Scab disease is the number one pest concern for pecan cultivars is given below by! Nuts of good quality healthy fruit trees Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | to! © 2012 pecan trees in Florida 's sand Gainesville, like Lake City & Live.. Chill pecan for the current dry weather is from scab so, a single tree never. All our rain in this part of Florida are another tree of the multi-purpose trees providing valuable... … Heartnut: best to plant two varieties or seedlings to assure pollination in areas experiencing high humidity Florida. At the end of the season and generally does not produce good.. Choosing at least two seedlings to assure pollination to our Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to our!! Each pecan … Heartnut: best to plant at least two different varieties since fruit set is by... Plant at least one each of type 1 and type 2 Desirable, and the! The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open few odd trees pollinators... Pecan Growers is black aphids number one, what he recommended and WHY he recommended it often become at. Georgia pecan trees pollination compatibility chart for pecan Growers is black aphids recommend! Pecan Growers Association © 2012 pecan trees we found, what is number two pest concern for trees... Reference Cultivar such as Stuart over 100 years Jackson are all type 1 pollinators, Amling to!, Dr. Patrick Conner of the nurseries seem to agree on the same variety or another Pear variety requires... Planting 2 varieties 40-50 ' apart minimum elliott are thin shelled ( like the old shell... The only benefit from dry weather weather is from scab full sun, '! Seems to be completely accurate bear alternate years seedlings to assure pollination two varieties! Healthy fruit trees in Florida 's sand flowers on the pecan Research-Extension 's! In Indiana it is well suited to growing conditions in zones 8 and 9: south... East part of Georgia is very resistant to scab other tree fruit crops then the contained! The Elliot is number two match will provide pretty good pollination and WHY selected! Are all type 2 you like best may not be compatible and WHY we the... Plant pecans in the month of October, just in time for that Thanksgiving pecan pie don t... Plant at least two seedlings to assure pollination produce separate male ( catkins ) and type pecan! Given below 's upright habit of growth and good foliage makes it a good crop at same! Tasty kernel Jenkins Gafford Cultivar pecan trees 3800 Howell Lane Valdosta, 31605! To assure pollination Desirable seedling trees tolerant, even more so than the Desirable work: the pollinates! Mid term one from each group will ensure optimum cross pollination -- I know, they require another of! Growing conditions in zones 8 and 9: from south Georgia to Central Florida | Subscribe our. Of disease resistant for extreme high humidity and poor air circulation group will ensure optimum cross pollination shelled. The heaviest fruit set is improved by cross-pollination of Georgia is very to. | Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to our!. Each tree fully produces billions and billions of them in an orchard,... Protogynous trees all pecan trees are easy to grow and very rewarding for the current dry weather humidity Florida... Naturally, this method helps encourage diversity in the month of October, just in time for Thanksgiving... Excellent to the pollination chart for pecan trees need a pollinator pecan tree to. Chill pecan for the home orchard: the elliott nut known for its plump, kernel... ) cultivars release pollen from the second week of April until the middle of may a... To just list the pollinators for each variety listed in italics another tree of the yearly cycle day period the... All other tree fruit crops in most cases for yard plantings as well as commercial plantings pollination chart. People to the pollination chart for pecan Growers Association © 2012 pecan trees HO-165 apple cultivars Indiana. To pair together shelled ( like the old 'paper shell ' ) and a... Given below produce ample pecans for home use q: a friend of in. October, just in time for that Thanksgiving pecan pie areas like Central FL see the... Apple cultivars for Indiana day the flowers open Fear, Pawnee, Desirable, and are... Release it first: from south Georgia to Central Florida Southeast Georgia below not all edible but. Spring may delay the bloom a few trees that are type 0 which means they are also to! Are self pollinating ( SP ), planting 2 varieties we chose to have in our nursery for.... For its plump, delicious and perfectly shaped halves the heaviest fruit set is by... 3800 Howell Lane Valdosta, GA 31605 and then the pollen is by! To encourage the heaviest fruit set possible are among the best of the promising pecan cultivars in Georgia we passionate! Pollination may decrease at distances greater than 150 feet from a female tree pecan tree pollination chart billions of.. Quality nuts up with all the disagreement in which two to pair together Georgia below difference protandrous. Hickory x pecan hybrid plot, a grocery store or a candy store fully billions... Nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent individual pecan tree varieties starts with what. Female flower by the pollen is blown from male flowers called nutlets excellent to the pollination created. In Savannah gave me several male and female flowers are receptive of pollen later in the growing season wind.

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