We use this information in order to improve and customize your browsing experience and for analytics and metrics about our visitors both on this website and other media. The Whitney Museum of American Art, known informally as the "Whitney", is an art museum in Manhattan. Aside from glass, a precast-concrete core and steel elements, such as exposed steel I-beam staircase structures and the 8mm-thick steel façade plates, lend the building an industrial flavour. 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The Whitney Museum of American Art easily stands apart from its New York contemporaries due to its singular mission of acquiring and celebrating the works of great American artists, regardless of style. On plan, this reads loosely as the vertical circulation elements, such as the four large elevators and central staircase as well as building services, running down the middle of the building, with the galleries to the south wing and the support facilities to the north. The gritty Chelsea neighbourhood is also the source of inspiration for the Whitney Museum’s understated material palette. Facilities teams should also consider how long their institution’s backup generator can run, and what is included in their emergency power supply network. Or New York City, where cultural sites are currently at risk from floods and rising sea levels—especially in Lower Manhattan and around all of the island’s edges. Students have interned with organizations including the Minneapolis Institute of Art, the Minnesota Historical Society, the Walker Art Center, the Minnesota Museum of American Art and the Whitney Museum of Art in New … With rising sea levels and stronger floods and hurricane seasons, priceless cultural sites and museum collections around the world are increasingly under threat from severe weather events and the impacts of climate change. From both a life safety and collections preservation standpoint, it’s crucial to keep the environmental controls and conditions consistent for as long as possible. This dramatic architectural gesture welcomes visitors to fill their stomachs pre- or post-museum visit while engaging both street – road level and High Line level – views and pedestrians. Cooper Robertson completed an analysis of the existing Museum’s program, assessed the desired program, analyzed the zoning/landmark district implications, provided bulk/area design … 8,500 SF MNLA, in collaboration with Piet Oudolf, implemented the landscape design of the Whitney Museum of American Art, the first museum in New York City to achieve LEED Gold status. One of our main concerns was not to build a building that stands by itself. Her portfolio includes notable commissions such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, the upcoming Studio Museum in Harlem and Princeton University Art Museum, and the award-winning Gateway Arch Museum in St. Louis. Follow Through is a mobile, audio-visual artwork that has been created specifically for the Museum's 5th Floor Permanent Collection galleries and is accessible to visitors on portable media players. Whitney Downtown Museum, New York City, NY, USA. In 1963 the Whitney Museum of American Art was searching for an architect to design a new uptown location that would showcase their growing collection. That is something I find very interesting.’. The Whitney is dedicated to collecting, preserving, interpreting, and exhibiting American art… Your email address will not be published. When Superstorm Sandy hit New York in 2012, the museum was well under construction in the Meatpacking District adjacent to the Hudson River, and although its structure held up well, the storm surge brought over six million gallons of river water into the building’s thirty-foot-deep basement. Among the most valuable takeaways and solutions from this project are those laid out in this article. Temporary barriers play an important role too, and can be easier to retrofit at existing buildings. The American Alliance of Museums' mission is to champion museums and nurture excellence in partnership with our members and allies. A recent and seminal report in the journal Nature Communications, for instance, found that thirty-seven out of forty-nine UNESCO World Heritage sites in coastal Mediterranean areas face substantial flood risks. Her portfolio includes notable commissions such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, the upcoming Studio Museum in Harlem and Princeton University Art Museum, and the award-winning Gateway Arch Museum in St. Louis. For example, if the water pumps should fail, it was determined that roughly ten inches of water could flood the basement. AWESOME! Its permanent … American Museum Building Designs. This allows the building’s systems—particularly the pump system—to run for a far greater duration than originally planned. Key American Museum Buildings, no images / links: Akron Art Museum, Akron, Ohio Date built: 2007 Design: Coop Himmelb(l)au. The Whitney Museum of American Art The new home of the Whitney Museum designed by the Renzo Piano Building Workshop brings together all the spaces of the museum in the new building, equipped with numerous, flexible galleries that for the first time make it possible to exhibit many items of the collection that were … Museum planners will encounter the threat of severe weather firsthand, as Renzo Piano Building Workshop, in collaboration with our firm Cooper Robertson, did in planning the Whitney Museum of American Art. Guests ambling through the museum are privy to the workings of the museum, making this an educational experience. Within a submenu, For the Whitney Biennial 2019, Forensic Architecture (FA) and Praxis Films present a video investigation into Warren B. Kanders, vice chair of the board of trustees of the Whitney Museum of American Art and CEO of the Safariland Group–one of the world’s major manufacturers of so-called ‘less-lethal’ munitions. (Importantly, though, the floodgates are only effective if the rest of the building is sealed; continuity is critical to ensure effective protection.). In 1954, it moved to a small structure on 54th street just behind and connected to the MoMA before taking root in a building along Madison Avenue in Manhattan’s Upper East Side from 1966 to 2014 in a building designed by Marcel Breuer and Hamilton P Smith. One of the main ideas when we started [designing] was to put the bigger mass of the building towards the west side with the view to the river where there was more open space, and then we tried to break down the massing in the direction towards the east near the High Line according to the city [elements] around that area.’. Breuer’s granite building, with its asymmetrically shaped windows and stepped façade, cut an arresting figure but also presented a fortress-like demeanour. So for the Whitney, one of the main focuses was how we treated the ground floor, the street level. Even if relocating mechanical equipment to a different space within the museum facility is not feasible in the short or medium term, it’s important to find ways to maintain continuity of service in the event of a superstorm. Design: Renzo Piano Building Workshop (RPBW), ArchitectsThe Whitney is constructing a new building in downtown Manhattan, which will open to the public … Founded in 1930, the Whitney moved to its current Madison Avenue home, designed by Marcel Breuer, in 1966. Whitney Museum of American Art 99 Gansevoort Street New York, NY 10014 (212) 570-3600 Whitney Museum of American Art 99 Gansevoort Street New York, NY 10014 (212) 570-3600 Packed with stories and insights for museum people, Field Notes is delivered to your inbox every Monday. Seeing this, and sensing the revised elevation could still not be conservative enough, the project team realized it was crucial to work with outside consultants who could help model all possible scenarios. Now, the building has a four-thousand-gallon tank, which provides as much emergency fuel as possible. … MSN Conversation #3: Making the Future Museum We Want, The State of the Museum Field in 2020, as Viewed by Students, Attracting Charitable Giving through Education Programs, Access to more than 1,500 resource listings from the Resource Center, Tools, reports, and templates for equipping your work in museums. Nov 16, 2020. no-to-scale imagines a huge wall around lady liberty to remind us what she stands for. 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Dates built: 2008-15. More than anything else, Hopper's drawings reveal the continually evolving relationship between observation and invention in the artist's work, and his abiding interest in the spaces and motifs--the … The plaza’s drainage system was also redesigned by engineers Jaros Baum & Bolles, so that any water which might either leak or splash over the temporary barriers can drain away from the dry, protected area on the building side of the walls. Surrounding the Museum’s plot is the fine-grain neighbourhood of the Meatpacking district where historical, industrial buildings sit tightly together to give the area its distinct Village feel. RENZO PIANO BUILDING WORKSHOP, IN COLLABORATION WITH COOPER ROBERTSON (NEW YORK), M CARROLL AND E TREZZANI (PARTNERS IN CHARGE) WITH K SCHORN, T STEWART, S ISHIDA (PARTNER), A GARRITANO, F GIACOBELLO, I GUZMAN, G MELINOTOV, L PRIANO, L STUART AND C CHABAUD, J JONES, G FANARA, M FLEMING, D PIANO, J PEJKOVIC; M OTTONELLO (CAD OPERATOR); F CAPPELLINI, F TERRANOVA, I CORSARO (MODELS). Your email address will not be published. Instead of the thousand-gallon diesel fuel oil tank originally planned for the museum, the Whitney’s insurance advisors suggested accommodating the largest tank possible. By 1950 he was showing delicate, cryptic, organic abstractions that belong to the surrealist phase of emergent abstract expressionism (cf. Renzo Piano, architect of the Whitney Museum of American Art’s new downtown home in Manhattan’s Meatpacking District, stands in its vast fifth-floor gallery during construction. Please note that items in the second level of these menus can open a page and also expand submenus. Our design team has seen many institutions raise equipment on concrete platforms four to six inches above the floor; at the Whitney, the project team mandated a minimum elevation of fourteen inches for electrical equipment. Additionally, the elevators are actually a moving permanent artwork ‘Six in Four’ by Richard Artschwager (1923-2013), to engage the visitor even in transit. The lessons applied include how best to assess flood risk, as well as specific design strategies for incorporating barrier systems and rethinking space planning and interior layouts. Before Hurricane Sandy, the Whitney’s original design elevated the lobby to ten feet, an additional foot above the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s recommendation. With that in mind, the question for institutional leaders and their consultant teams is an existential one: How can we adapt our facilities to meet this challenge? Use right arrow key to expand additional submenus. Courtesy Whitney Museum of American Art. The striking new structure, opened in May 2015, is designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Renzo Piano in collaboration with executive architecture firm Cooper Robertson. On the south elevation, the first storey ceiling tapers upwards to face the High Line, sheltering a 600m2 public plaza and the Untitled restaurant. Design and facilities teams can create curbs around mechanical rooms, or within the room to elevate equipment. Reading - The Whitney Museum of American Art, The Whitney Museum of American Art comes home to Manhattan’s gritty Chelsea neighbourhood and is given a vibrant presence by Renzo Piano Building Workshop. Being well integrated to the site is an important aspect of the design. These temporary barriers protect the lobby’s large expanses of glass walls, which play an important role in the institutional mission of openness but leave the building vulnerable to pressurized water. Where possible and in locations most at risk, museum leaders should consider reconfiguring layouts to raise the majority, or all, of these spaces to a safe elevation. The interiors are characterised by blue stone in the lobby and main staircase, and reclaimed pinewood for the floors of the galleries and support spaces. Erin Flynn, RA LEED AP, is a Partner and the Director of Architecture at the architecture and urban design firm Cooper Robertson in New York, and a passionate champion of community responsive cultural facilities. It was easy to skip past “Triple Chaser” by Forensic Architecture at the Whitney Biennial. American Museum Architecture. Competition for the commission was stiff. The Whitney Museum of American Art has come a long way since Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney opened the museum in New York’s Greenwich Village in 1931, contained within three row houses. Thinking about the Unthinkable: Disaster preparedness and emergency response plans for small museums, Recruiting for Museum Board Diversity Webinar, Meaningful Frontline Staff Management and Engagement, Coffee Talk: How to Prepare for the Next Round of PPP. Allen Art Museum Addition, Oberlin, Ohio Date built: 1976 Design: … Use escape to exit. The following menu has 3 levels. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus. It’s not the least-known fact about the American art … For most institutions dependent on public utilities, the implications of a public grid outage can be severe, and it’s especially crucial to have contingencies in place. She has over twenty years of experience in design and planning work for museums. Its permanent collection comprises more than 21,000 paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, photographs, films, videos and artefacts, but many were kept in storage. An Exploration in Six Parts PART 1: SAFE PLACES OR SOCIAL SPACES? American Museum Designs: Archive up to 2011. On the west end, it fronts the Hudson River, separated by a small road. Our team had to re-evaluate our flood protection plans—and the resulting design offers a useful case study for museum leaders. As Trezzani mentions, transparency is a key approach. The challenges are formidable and go beyond these examples. Whitney Museum page on this project: Whitney Museum of American Art Building. Use down arrow to open a parent menu. WHITNEY MUSEUM. The Whitney Museum’s programs and needs outgrew its existing 61,000 square foot Marcel Breuer-designed building. The glass-and-steel structure cannot be more different from its former home. A quasi-constructivist phase of … We encourage our students to pursue internships throughout their time at St. Thomas. ARCHITECTURE NEWS. The Whitney Museum of American Art Architecture Review Renzo Piano’s design for the new Whitney Museum of American Art is a welcoming, creative machine thanks to its open, changeable spaces. The following menu has 3 levels. She explains, ‘One important thing the Whitney did was, instead of putting all the facilities like the conservation lab [hidden away] like many other museums, these are in the spaces above with the big windows and on the same level as the galleries, so there is a lot of connection and relation between these two types of spaces. After an international search, the team ultimately selected WTM Engineers from Hamburg, Germany, and their partner, the Franzius Institute for Hydraulic, Waterways, and Coastal Engineering of the Leibniz University in Hanover—two organizations well-versed in protecting urban environments from flooding. Any planning and design approach should prioritize capital resources to first address life safety, then protect and preserve collections, and finally maintain building integrity. links. The Whitney focuses on 20th- and 21st-century American art. But more than square footage, Piano’s design is a building that strives, and succeeds to open up to the public. Even still, some gaps in the building envelope will be inevitable—for example at loading docks and other large entry points. ‘From the beginning, we realised that this was a very interesting site. For now, this is an advisable but generally elective step for existing structures. By considering these strategies now, it’s possible to stem the tide of rising waters, while also giving staff (and visitors, trustees, and artists) peace of mind that their cultural home will be able to withstand future unprecedented weather events. But not all flood barriers need to be permanent interventions. These cookies are used to collect information about how you interact with our website and allow us to remember you. Even a slight increase in elevation can make a big difference—not to mention a positive impact—when it comes to obtaining or maintaining flood insurance. Reinforced walls and substantial waterproof membranes are crucial, and the architects for the new Whitney Museum recommend waterproofing at the foundation to seal any concrete penetrations made for electrical conduits, gas service, electrical service, and piping. No, Are you a current AAM member? These are articulated in slightly different ways that prevent the overall structure from having a bland, homogeneous look and that also add definition and a sense of scale to the building’s skin. If you are a current AAM member, please sign-up using the email address associated with your account. It needs to be very related and well connected to the city and to the people so that the people would go – for sure in the case of a museum – to see art, but also to hang out. Hopper Drawing is the first major museum exhibition to focus on the drawings and creative process of Edward Hopper (1882–1967). Co-commissioned by the Whitney Museum of American Art and Antenna Audio; sponsored by Antenna Audio. Once you've completed the form below, confirm your subscription in the email sent to you. Required fields are marked *. The building turns its heavy haunches to the small, mainly brick structures of what used to be the Meatpacking District. The solution to this problem was inspired by a nautical idea: the design team enlisted Walz and Krenzer, manufacturers of watertight doors for naval vessels, to build floodgates that would prevent water from entering through these locations. In 1947 he was included in the Whitney Museum of American Art’s Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting. Project teams often use flood maps and related projections as the baseline resources to assess the risk of flooding, in terms of sea level rise and severe weather events, but our experience shows that you can’t assume current maps will tell the full story. No one really knew then it would be such a great success but we still realised it was a great [opportunity],’ says Trezzani. Whitney Museum of American Art 99 Gansevoort Street New York, NY 10014 (212) 570-3600 Cooper Robertson completed an analysis of the existing Museum’s program, assessed the desired program, analyzed the zoning/landmark district implications, provided bulk/area design options, and … The Whitney project team came up with forty-eight hours as a benchmark. 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