The widespread appearance of telephones occurred at the beginning of the 20th century, along with other modern means of communication, including radio. The history of the hamburger is truly a story that has been run through the meat grinder. Similarly, the English immigrant Frederick Henry Harvey was the first to use "dynamic mass movement" in restoring the Fred Harvey Company, which catered to the patrons of a chain of hotels located near railway stations, as well as offering catering, services, and high quality products on the trains themselves.[47]. In a resolution made by the state of Texas, it was established that Athens is the "Original Home of Hamburger". The Hamburg steak is said to have been eaten on the ships before arriving in the US. Fictional characters related to the hamburger, such as the Ronald McDonald clown character designed by Willard Scott who first appeared on television in 1963,[65] soon became a recognizable part of American culture. [29][30] These machines could all shred meat to sizes before unimaginable. [citation needed] Its famous description of the secret ingredients used in the recipes, such as coffee or brown sugar, is primitive. The hamburger first appeared in the 19th or early 20th century. It wasn’t always so. Graduates receive a degree entitled "bachelor of hamburgerology with a minor in French fries". [49][50] George Pullman invented the sleeping car and the dining car in response to the needs of these people in the 1870s. In the early 20th century, another beverage, Pepsi, was created by pharmacist Caleb Bradham and quickly came to rival the sales of Coca-Cola. [10] In Hong Kong, Aji Ichiban competed with large chains before it spread quickly throughout Asia. With John Brandcamp, Paul Duberek, Bonnie Eckre, John Eckre. By 1845, numerous patents existed for improved meat grinders in the United States. According to the Library of Congress, Louis’ Lunch in New Haven, Connecticut served minced beef patties between slices of bread in 1895. After developing a special bun for the hamburger in 1916, Walter Anderson and Edgar Ingram opened White Castle, the world’s first burger chain, in Kansas in 1921. Some sources say it began with the Mongols, who stashed raw beef under their saddles as they waged their campaign to conquer the known world. On July 5th, 1896, the Chicago Tribune discussed the “hamburger sandwich,” which is the second time the hamburger shows up in our history. History is rarely straightforward and there are several contenders. This is evident from its detailed description in some of the most popular cookbooks of the day. [55] In 1995, the country with the most McDonald's restaurants (aside from the United States) was Japan, followed by Canada and Germany, while the company itself had restaurants in more than 100 countries. It’s easy to guess the hamburger’s geographic origin; after all, … All claims for invention occur between 1885 and 1904, making it probable that the hamburger was created sometime in these two decades. Food also had to be economically affordable for the working class in order for them to maintain their labor and industrial production. [7] Another byproduct of the globalization of fast food was the creation of international competitive eating contests that involve contestants from many different countries. Led by McDonald’s, American-style franchised fast food spread globally. The McDonald brothers intensively studied the existing kitchen protocol of their restaurants in an effort to improve them. [18] In this era, the number of steakhouses that specialized in serving steaks increased markedly; some restaurants even served steak along with seafood, in a dish known as Surf and turf. At the beginning of the 20th century, Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, a novel about conspiracies and corruption in the American meat industry, intended as a veiled criticism of the industry itself. By the end of the decade, pop art was including the hamburger as an artistic element, appearing in the works of Andy Warhol (Dual Hamburger), Claes Oldenburg (Floor Burger), Mel Ramos (Vinaburger, 1965), and more recently, David LaChapelle (Death by Hamburger, 2002). After various controversies in the 20th century, including a nutritional controversy in the late 1990s, the burger is now readily identified with the United States, and a particular style of cuisine, namely fast food. [52] Kroc was the initiator of both McDonald's expansion across the United States and the definitive standardization of its burgers. It survived through war, economic crises, and over a dozen centuries of time. The Apicius cookbook, a collection of ancient Roman recipes that may date to the early 4th century, details a preparation of beef called isicia omentata; served as a baked patty in which beef is mixed with pine kernels, black and green peppercorns, and white wine, isicia omentata may be the earliest precursor to the hamburger.[11]. By 1747, the Hamburg sausage appeared for the first time in a cookbook, The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy, and in the early 1800s, the Hamburg steak was included in the Oxford English Dictionary. J.C. Reynolds, the operator of a bar in Southern California from 1932 to 1984, popularized a pimento burger. After analyzing their sales, the brothers discovered that, to their surprise, 80% of their revenue was coming from selling hamburgers. Invented by Dr. James Salisbury (1823–1905), the term Salisbury steak has been used in the United States since 1897. Hamburger, also called burger, ground beef.The term is applied variously to (1) a patty of ground beef, sometimes called hamburg steak, Salisbury steak, or Vienna steak, (2) a sandwich consisting of a patty of beef served within a split bread roll, with various garnishes, or (3) the ground beef itself, which is used as a base in many sauces, casseroles, terrines, and the like. [27] They assert that the name of the hamburger was derived from the town Hamburg, New York, in Erie County, the first place in which it had been sold. During the 1980s, the Dairy Queen ice cream chain filmed a documentary about the birthplace of the hamburger featuring Davis' story. In the United States during the 20th century, there have been numerous celebrations marking the centenary of the burger. Wian's creation was distinctively served by Big Boy restaurants with the bun sliced twice, the center slice—known as the club section—separating the two patties. David, E. (1960). Another version of the creation of the hamburger is that of German cook Otto Kuasw, who created a very popular sailors' sandwich made of a fillet of beef patty fried in butter, served with a fried egg, between two toasted buns in 1891, at a post in Hamburg, Germany. [1] The company eventually became a large restaurant chain, however, there has never been a restaurant outside of the United States. This history will take us through the journey in some detail, along with a social commentary on American life itself. Technological advances in the field of food preservation, as well as improvements in agricultural production and transportation, made it possible fo… By the late 1970s, it had become the third largest hamburger company in the United States. [63][64] Wendy's has consistently tried to differentiate itself from other hamburger restaurants by its claim that it makes its burgers using fresh, not frozen, beef. Through their new restaurant, the McDonald brothers introduced the notion of fast food to parts of the Western United States by 1948. The burger was born in a time when people needed to eat both "fast" and "cheap". [16] Very little mincing was done by medieval butchers or recorded in the cookbooks of the time, perhaps because it was not part of the sausage-making process that preserves meat. In a 2005 episode of SpongeBob SquarePants, the adventurous title character visits Mr. Krabs's popular Krabby Patty burgers, where hamburgers figure prominently in the story. Shortly after its creation, the hamburger quickly included all of its currently typically characteristic trimmings, including onions, lettuce, and sliced pickles. advertising slogan and an accompanying campaign stressing the primacy of the beef patty over the hamburger's other ingredients. He was so inspired by this visit that he decided to create a similar burger chain himself. In response to this, in 1885 Nagreen decided to flatten the hamburger steak and insert it between two slices of bread, so that the public could move freely from booth to booth while eating his sandwich, an innovation that was well received by his customers. The McDonald's successful expansion was mainly due to its use of the franchise system, an innovation borrowed from a sewing machine manufacturer, the Singer Corporation. Most historians believe that it was invented by a cook who placed a Hamburg steak between two slices of bread in a small town in Texas, and others credit the founder of White Castle for developing the "Hamburger Sandwich." [54] The event came to be jokingly referred to as the "burger wars" by many Americans. All these means of transport were improving at the time, and soon it was necessary to feed a growing population that was "in permanent transit", frequently moving through different cities on business. In the 1970s, McDonald's began to expand into Europe and Australia. There is some controversy over the origin of the hamburger because its two basic ingredients, bread and beef, had been prepared and consumed separately for many years in different countries before their combination. [4] Luis Ballast, owner of the Humpty Dumpty drive-in restaurant in Denver, Colorado, made an attempt to create a cheeseburger with a registered trademark known as a "yellowburger" in 1935. Ingram soon realized that the word burger evoked connotations of circus performances at livestock markets and greasy pieces of meat eaten in the poorest districts of the city in the collective mind of the American public. The stoves use hinged steel wire gridirons to hold the hamburgers in place while they cook simultaneously on both sides. The hamburger's international popularity demonstrates the larger globalization of food[6] that also includes the rise in global popularity of other national dishes, including the Italian pizza, Chinese fried rice and Japanese sushi. The modern hamburger was developed in the United States, but by the end of World War II, around the middle of the 20th century, it began to spread to other countries as fast food became globalized. [31] It is very likely that the invention of the meat grinder contributed directly to the popularization of Hamburg steak, while the steak gradually became distant from its German roots in the minds of many Americans. More generally, dietitians are beginning to see that the consumption of foods high in calories can cause excessive appetite. In an era in which a growing amount of the world's population has become either overweight or more conscious of weight and the need for a healthy diet in general, the appearance of exceptionally larger burgers (popularly known as "XXL hamburgers") has generated considerable controversy. The brothers also created a detailed system for operating each kitchen throughout the franchise in a similar and largely standardized manner, as well as recruiting adolescents as employees in the kitchens. Much of this diversity has been the product of other restaurant chains that have tried to reproduce the success of McDonald's and White Castle, while others served to influence McDonald's. This put the Hamburg steak within reach of the vast majority of the population, giving rise to what some authors jokingly call the "American beef dream". By the late 19th century, an increasing amount of land was being devoted to cattle and a growing number of people being employed as cowboys, resulting in the United States becoming one of the world's largest producers and consumers of beef. At the time, this was an entirely novel idea that would revolutionize the sale of food itself with a style that would come to be known as fast food. Minced beef was considered a delicacy all over Europe and red meat itself was often relegated to the upper classes of medieval society. Now that we know how the beef patty made its way to North America, the question remains: who first combined it with a bun, creating the hamburger that we know and love? Similarly, Italian immigrants sold ice cream from vending carts in the streets or pasta at their restaurants. The first meat grinder was invented in the early 19th century by the German engineer Karl Drais. Contemporary American society also witnessed the creation of new fast foods that originated from the traditional cuisine of various ethnic groups from around the world. That same year, In-N-Out launched the first drive-thru burger spot in Baldwin Park, California. [69] On August 21, 1971, in Zaandam, near Amsterdam in the Netherlands, Ahold opened its first European franchise. Drive-in restaurants first appeared in the United States in the early 1930s, and gradually become a common sight across the country. Strategic alliances between large burger restaurant chains and these two soft drink companies greatly increased the beverages' availability to the general public. At the end of the 19th century, a new generation of cola emerged, a beverage that would soon join beer as the most traditional drinks served alongside the hamburger. Although there has been much controversy on the hamburger’s nutritional values, it still remains of America’s top selling food items and is a historic icon. Chinese immigrants initially opened restaurants to cater to their fellow Chinese-Americans, but they gradually became accepted by the American clientele, sometimes resulting in truly Chinese-American cuisine such as chop suey. Athens (TX) Daily Review, We won, now we celebrate – newspaper guide to hamburger cookoff. On November 16, 1916, chef and entrepreneur Walter "Walt" Anderson opened a hamburger stand in Wichita, Kansas, that used hygienic cooking methods, including grills and spatulas, and impressed his Wichita customers so much that many would become regular patrons. By 1873, it appeared for the first time on a menu at Delmonico’s in New York City. In order to raise awareness among White Castle employees, a newsletter entitled "The hot hamburger" was circulated throughout the company, which challenged the employees to improve the sale of the burgers with a simple idea: to be able to prepare burgers rapidly so anyone could purchase and eat them anytime and anywhere. Just five years later, the iconic McDonald’s Bar-B-Que opened in San Bernardino, California; in 1948, brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald turned the focus to their 15-cent hamburger. [19], In the late 19th century, the Hamburg steak became popular on the menus of many restaurants in the port of New York. In the 1920s, carnival historian John C. Kunzog interviewed Frank Menches about his experience at the Erie County Fair. At this time, the hamburger was still not widely known by the American public. This same year McDonald's franchisee Jim Delligatti, created an imitation of the Big Boy — the Big Mac. The concept of a "greasy spoon" was thus born with these restaurants[citation needed], in which hygiene suffered in exchange for more inexpensive food. 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